In ethers, an oxygen atom is connected to two alkyl or aryl groups. The general formula for ether is R−O−R'.
- R and R' may be the same.
Ethers, in which the group R and R' are the same are called simple or symmetrical ethers.
- R and R' may be different.
Ethyl methyl ether
Ethers, in which the groups R and R' are not the same are called mixed or unsymmetrical ethers
Ethers are further classified as :
- Aliphatic ethers
- Aromatic ethers
In aliphatic ethers, R and R' are both alkyl groups.
Ethyl propyl ether
In aromatic ethers, either one or both the groups are aromatic rings.
Methyl phenyl ether
Nomenclature of Ether
Naming of ethers is taught in
Nomenclature of Ether.
If you want to learn how organic compounds are named from scratch then you should begin from