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Preparation of Alkanes

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Preparation of Alkanes from Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

Unsaturated hydrocarbons (alkenes and alkynes) react with H2 in the presence of finely divided catalysts such as platinum, palladium or nickel to form alkanes. This process is called hydrogenation.

Preparation of alkanes by hydrogentation
hydrogenation

Preparation of Alkanes from Alkyl Halides

The following methods are used to prepare alkanes from alkyl halides (R−X) :

Preparation of Alkanes from Carboxylic Acids

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